E-commerce, or electronic commerce, is the activity of buying or selling products or services through online services or over the Internet. It encompasses a wide range of online business activities for products and services. E-commerce can take various forms, involving different transactional relationships between businesses and consumers, as well as different objects being exchanged as part of these transactions. It includes online retail, electronic markets, and online auctions. E-commerce has transformed the way businesses operate, offering a platform for virtual storefronts, broader market reach, and a personalized shopping experience. It’s a key part of the global economy, with continuously evolving technologies and consumer preferences.