In computing, asynchronous operations refer to processes that operate independently of other processes, allowing a system to continue processing other tasks without waiting for the asynchronous task to complete. This contrasts with synchronous operations, where tasks are performed sequentially. Asynchronous processes are particularly important in programming and web development, where they enable more efficient execution of tasks, such as fetching data from a server or performing background computations. They enhance the user experience by preventing delays and maintaining application responsiveness even during complex or time-consuming operations.