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What Should Be The First Step of a Structured SEO Plan?

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The significance of a well-structured Search Engine Optimization (SEO) plan cannot be overstated. The journey to achieving top search engine rankings and driving organic traffic starts not with keywords or content creation, but with a step that is often overlooked yet crucial: setting clear and well-defined goals. 

In this article we aim to demystify the first and most important step in crafting an effective SEO strategy. By focusing on goal setting as the foundation, we will explore how aligning these goals with your business objectives and understanding your target audience can profoundly impact the success of your SEO efforts. 

Regardless of your reason for wanting to get started with SEO, recognizing the importance of this initial step is vital for your success.

The Importance of Goal Setting in SEO

Think of goal setting in an SEO strategy like ensuring you have a map before embarking on a journey; it directs your efforts and resources towards your defined destination. Without clear goals, your SEO efforts can become unfocused and inefficient, leading to suboptimal results.

Why Clear Goals are Essential in SEO

  • Direction and Focus: Clear goals provide a roadmap for all your SEO activities, ensuring every action contributes to the overall objective.

  • Resource Optimization: By knowing what you aim to achieve, you can allocate your resources more effectively, be it time, budget, or manpower.

  • Measuring Success: Goals allow you to track progress and measure the effectiveness of your SEO campaign, enabling data-driven decisions.

Examples of Common SEO Goals

  • Driving Targeted Traffic: Attracting more visitors who are likely to engage with your content, products, or services.

  • Enhancing User Engagement: Increasing metrics such as time on site, pages per session, and reducing bounce rate.

  • Boosting Conversion Rates: Turning more of your website visitors into customers or leads.

  • Building Brand Authority and Trust: Establishing your site as a go-to source for information in your niche.

Aligning Business Objectives with SEO Goals

Aligning your SEO goals with your broader business objectives is essential for long-term success. This alignment ensures that every effort made in your SEO strategy contributes directly to your business's growth.

How to Ensure SEO Goals Support Your Overall Business Strategy

  • Understand Your Business Objectives: Before setting SEO goals, have a clear understanding of your overall business objectives. Whether it's increasing sales, expanding your customer base, or building brand awareness, your SEO goals should directly support these objectives.

  • Integrate SEO into Business Planning: Involve SEO considerations in your business planning process. This integration ensures that your SEO strategy is not an afterthought but a fundamental component of your business growth strategy.

Examples of Successful Goal Alignment

  • E-commerce Store Increasing Sales: An e-commerce website might focus on SEO goals that drive high-intent traffic to product pages, enhancing the likelihood of conversions.

  • Service Provider Gaining Qualified Leads: A service-based business could target keywords with a lower volume but higher conversion potential, focusing on attracting a more targeted audience.

  • Content Publisher Building Brand Authority: For a content-driven site, the goal might be to rank for informational keywords, establishing the brand as an authority in its niche.

Defining Your Target Audience

Identifying and understanding your target audience is an incredibly important step in any SEO plan. By knowing who you are optimizing for, you can tailor your content, keywords, and SEO strategies to meet the specific needs and preferences of your audience.

Importance of Knowing Your Audience

  • Tailored Content Strategy: By understanding your audience, you can create content that resonates with them, addressing their questions, needs, and interests.

  • Effective Keyword Targeting: Knowing your audience allows you to identify and target keywords that they are likely to use in their search queries.

  • Improved User Experience: Understanding the preferences of your audience can help in designing a website that offers a better user experience, which is a key factor in SEO.

Tools and Techniques for Audience Identification and Analysis

  • Audience Research Tools: Utilize tools like Google Analytics, social media insights, and customer surveys to gather data on your audience’s demographics, interests, and online behavior.

  • Buyer Personas: Create detailed buyer personas that represent your ideal customers, which can help in tailoring your SEO strategy to the needs of these key segments.

  • Competitor Analysis: Analyze your competitors’ audiences, especially those who are successfully attracting and engaging with their target market. This can provide valuable insights into potential audience segments for your own business.

Benchmarking Current Performance

Knowing your starting point is essential for any successful SEO journey. Benchmarking your current SEO performance helps in setting realistic goals and provides a basis for measuring future progress.

Why Understanding Your Starting Point is Essential

  • Identifying Strengths and Weaknesses: A thorough analysis of your current SEO performance can highlight what’s working well and areas that need improvement.

  • Setting Realistic Goals: Understanding your current performance allows you to set achievable and relevant SEO goals.

  • Creating a Focused Strategy: Benchmarking helps in prioritizing SEO tasks based on your site's specific needs.

Key Metrics and Tools to Assess Your Current SEO Status

  • Search Engine Rankings: Track where your site and specific pages rank for your target keywords.

  • Website Traffic: Analyze overall traffic, as well as traffic sources, to understand how visitors are finding your site.

  • User Engagement Metrics: Look at metrics like bounce rate, average session duration, and pages per session to gauge user engagement.

  • Backlink Profile: Assess the quantity and quality of backlinks pointing to your site.

  • Technical SEO Health: Check for technical issues that might be hindering your site’s performance in search engines.

  • SEO Tools: Utilize tools like Google Analytics, Google Search Console, SEMrush, or Ahrefs to gather data and insights about your current SEO performance.

Setting Realistic and Measurable SEO Goals

Setting SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, Time-bound) goals is an easy way to begin your effective SEO strategy. This approach ensures that your SEO goals are clear, trackable, and aligned with your overall business objectives.

How to Set SMART Goals for SEO

  • Specific: Define clear objectives. Instead of a vague goal like "increase website traffic," aim for something more specific, such as "increase organic traffic by 20% in six months."

  • Measurable: Ensure that your goals are quantifiable. Use tools and metrics to track your progress.

  • Achievable: Set goals that are challenging yet attainable within your resources and constraints.

  • Relevant: Align your SEO goals with your broader business objectives and target audience.

  • Time-bound: Establish a timeline for achieving your goals, which helps in maintaining focus and momentum.

Tracking Progress and Adjusting Goals Over Time

  • Regular Monitoring: Use SEO tools to regularly monitor your progress towards your goals.

  • Performance Review: Periodically review your SEO strategy’s performance against your set goals.

  • Flexibility: Be prepared to adjust your goals and strategies based on new data, market trends, and changes in your business environment.


When you're getting started with SEO you now know that the best initial step is setting well-defined, realistic, and measurable goals. Setting goals for what you want to achieve is crucial in charting your path to success with search engine optimization. 

We’ve highlighted the significance of aligning these goals with your overall business objectives and understanding your target audience, alongside benchmarking your current performance to set the stage for effective SEO strategies.

Staying focused on your primary SEO objectives will ensure that your efforts are not only aligned with your business goals but also adaptable to changing trends and technologies. 

Remember, the strength of your SEO plan lies in the clarity and precision of its foundation – your goals. By starting with a clear direction, you can build a robust SEO strategy that drives real, measurable results, paving the way for sustainable online success.

Want to get started with SEO for your business but don’t know where to start?

Contact our digital strategists at Periscope Media for a completely free consultation to discuss your first steps to SEO success.

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